Waste Coffee Grounds are the new source of biofuel/ biodiesel. In a Nevada research facility researchers discovered that spent coffee grounds are a rich source of renewable biofuel.
Rather than having cars that smell like French fries, we soon will have a much better biofuel aroma choice: Straight up java.
Imagine it: The poorer coffee bean picking rural areas of the world can have a bidding war between coffee drink producers, and a emerging biofuel market.
This biofuel market could also compete with the coffee industry by also selling a competing premade coffee drink product offering.
This eventual reality is not that far off.
The research of the Nevada group was published in American Chemical Society’s (ACS) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. The American Chemical Society the world’s largest scientific society is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer-reviewed journals and scientific conferences. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio. The ACS Publications Division currently publishes 35 leading peer-reviewed journals in the chemical and related sciences, including the flagship Journal of the American Chemical Society, well as Chemical & Engineering News, Society’s weekly news magazine.
This is an online biweekly publication.
According to the article Mano Misra, Susanta Mohapatra, and Narasimharao Kondamudi point of that the major problem with a major transition to biofuel is the availability of a viable feeder stock.
Coffee grounds can be grown sold, spent, and recollected by one means or another to create the new fuel source.
The various modalities that would be implemented or created to do this in a sustainable manner is going to be the challenge of research into the viability of the fuel stock source in the future.
For no wit is a wonderful discovery to lend hope to the growing alternative energy movements transition from a fad accepted by the mainstream to the fuel sources of the mainstream cultures adventure into fads of undiscovered novelty.
The current yearly production of 16 billion gallons of coffee can reasonably produce 340 million gallons of collectible biofuel. This estimate is from spent grounds that coffee shop chains produce currently.
The collection of coffee grounds in not out of the ordinary currently. These grounds are used as soil enhancer and fertilizer around the world. Collecting it for biofuel is not much of a real stretch.
The Nevadaresearchers have already collected a mass quantity of coffee grounds from one world wide chain. They extracted the oil from the grounds, and turned 100% of the oil into biofuel/ biodiesel.
The strong antioxidant nature of coffee makes the biofuel created from it more stable than any other form of biofuel.
Waste solids from the creation of the biodiesel can then also be created into ethanol; or used as compost.
This exciting, savvy and hip research will make spending four or five bucks on a cup of jo an awesome way to save the world. God knows a decent cup of coffee in the morning shouldn’t be a wasteful sin. Somehow we all knew it. And now research into the usefulness of waste coffee grinds proves it. Drink to coffee, save the world!
Canola biodiesel is produced by extracting rapeseed extract. The reason rapeseed extract is called canola comes from the condensed phrase Canadian oilseed low acid.
The word with obvious slang roots caught on with the popularity of this plant variety. Understanding the production of this rich biodiesel fuel source starts with understanding why rapeseed oil is chosen as biodiesel feedstock over other resources.
Rapeseed oil or canola produces more biodiesel per acre that soy. It is chosen as a biodiesel seed crop often due to its content forty three percent extractable oil. Soy only has eighteen percent.
That forty three percent is not a fixed number. The Canola Council of Canada expects the research put into oil extraction research to increase the percent of extractable oil by one point two percent per seed in the next five years.
Canola biodiesel reduces HC and CO better than other sources according to research done for the State of Washington and Idaho that focuses on honing canola growing practices.
The seeds are sown, then harvested from fourteen million acres in Canada alone. On farms within the United States, in regions like Indiana, winter canola has been suggested as the feeder crop of choice form September through June, and soy as the crop for June to September. And in Washington and Idaho canola is suggested as a winter crop alone.
Then these seeds are crushed into meal.
The oil is secreted from the meal mash.
Converting this oil on small scale at home uses the same catalyst production process as it does in large medium and large-scale production.
It’s the same formula used by the fictional characters in the dark fairytale fight club to make soap, and homemade explosives. The actors actually only dramatically recited the process for making biodiesel.
For making batches of Canola biodiesel for commercial sale the industry mixes sodium hydroxide with methanol in an enclosed procedure together. And then mixing that methoxide with the canola or any other feedstock oil, in the same enclosed environment.
Draining off the glycerin, (that can be used to make soap), is followed up by washing the biodiesel, draining water and residue soap, drying, and filtering the batch through at least a ten micron filter.
For commercial producers of canola oil for biodiesel production the chlorophyll in Green Seed Canola has been a problem. The Chlorophyll content is so high that the oxidation stability is reduced, from the high level of photo oxidation.
Slight changes in the formula used as a catalyst have been used to overcome this obstacle. In 2007 research on a different balance of KOH as a catalyst solved the oxidation problem.
Canola oil is not only edible: Canola biodiesel production increases the amount of fuel that is created per acre. Canola places twentieth out of the top fifty resources based on gallons of oil per growing acre. Canola is also in the triple digits at around one hundred twenty one gallons per acre.
Creating biodiesel from canola production cuts down on emissions of greenhouse gases. Canola biodiesel does this in some cases better than other biodiesel oil feedstock resources. The seed has potential to be an even stronger resource in the future as we learn to extract a greater percentage of oil from each seed that will ad up as more gallons per acre of environmentally sensible fuel.
Biodiesel cars range from heavy-duty trucks like those run by the Safeway fleet (( Safeway Fleet)), to the two-seater Trident Iceni (( Trident Iceni)) eight speed sports car. These cars run more efficiently on biodiesel.
For example next year the Loremo (( Loremo)) (low resistance model) will be affordable in the European market. The car that will boast an ability to go one hundred fifty miles on a gallon of biodiesel will cost the European consumer fifteen to twenty thousand dollars.
The Loremo is planed to be worked into American markets either in 2010 or 2011 as that years version of GT. Other versions that use different alternate fuel sources are also planned to be sold starting in one of those years. So for around thirty thousand dollars the consumer will be able to pick between fuel sources such as biodiesel, hybrid, and fully electric will be offered at car options. That is unless another fuel source pulls way ahead of biofuel at the new or interim energy source.
These engines are reported to run on biodiesel blends such as B20, or B100 for example. This labeling stands for what percent of the fuel actually is biodiesel. That means that B20 biodiesel is a fuel that is a mixture of twenty percent biodiesel and eighty percent petroleum diesel.
Fleets like the Safeway fleet do not run on B100. The mixture B20 biodiesel is that 20/80 ratio.
Many homemade biodiesel car systems run on B100 throughout the year, B50 in the winter, and also vegetable oil that has been filtered and has gone through the glycerin process another way. Its these projects that are the most interesting.
2008 Jeep Grand Cherokee (( 2008 Jeep Grand Cherokee)) has steel fuel lines from the gas tank to the engine. The durable rubber tubes that support the fuel through the rest of the engine are lined with steel. This fuel system is durably manufactured to withstand harsh chemicals without a problem.
Rubber tubes in older cars fall apart under the corrosive strength of the methoxide in biodiesel. So the fuel lines and other tubes that will contain biodiesel are now much more durable than in older cars.
To run biodiesel in an older car, these tubes need to be traded out.
Companies such as Bio- Beetle (( Bio-Beetle)) are banking their entire marketing strategy on people wanting to rent diesel cars that run on biodiesel.
People who are tired of paying outrageously unaffordable fuel prices need these cars. These cars are designed to run on regular diesel. But everyone knows that he market these cars appeal to is that of the biodiesel enthusiast, mixing biodiesel themselves, and even growing crops for seed oil.
The country needs these cars to protect the environment. Industry needs to sell these biodiesel cars to meet the demand in America in the next few years. American are expected to at some point in the next few years be socially ready to shop smartly and create a demand large enough to consume six hundred million gallons of biodiesel.
These cars are designed to make very limited carbon emissions. The trend from diesel cars, to biodiesel cars is solely how the public, and target market perceive fuel on an emotional level.
Many companies are changing or extending the offering of vehicle choices to include versions of the car product line that run on diesel, which is meant to be synonymous with biodiesel.
What percent these biodiesel oriented diesel cars run best at remains to be seen, since more biodiesel runs thick and cloudy at temperatures below fifty-five degrees Celsius.
Even if the biodiesel sold in the wintertime is B50 for biodiesel cars that can run well on B100 in the warmer months, the benefit to the environment, and Americas move toward self-reliance at this stage is incredible.
Rudolf Diesel himself introduced the Diesel Engine at the Worlds Fair as an engine that runs on peanut oil. After greedier than need be corporations gota hold of the engine, and the popular Diesel name that all changed. It is the original intent that Mr. Diesel offered to the world that the biodiesel car in now taking back as an icon for everyone to enjoy.
Mr. Rudolf Diesel’s cars at the Paris Worlds Exposition (Fair) in 1900 ran on peanut oil. Peanut oil can do more than power President Jimmy Carter’s would be Myspace page. Peanut oil is a proven fuel source that will work well as a car fuel if it is mixed correctly with other minor ingredients to let the peanut oil ignite at lower temperature.
Igniting at lower temperature has kept the oil from all just catching on fire.
Most peanut oil/ diesel combinations run off diesel for the first five to ten minutes. This allows the vehicle to warm the peanut oil up to the temperature needed to for it to burn in the engine. This one hundred sixty degree temperature is what is necessary before the peanut oil fuel should be allowed to run through the injector.
Some how the idea of frying up some viddles and pouring the waste oil through a filter into a vat; that then will get blended into biodiesel, producing soap, and ‘ a nitro ingredient’ is really appealing. Another reason for do it yourselfer’s to carry that grin lightly on their rightly smug faces is: From the filtered vat the oil can go straight into the non-warm up tank. Yes, a reason to be smug indeed.
Peanut oil cars are being used by the Thailand Police Force very successfully.
According to Reuters, The Thailand Police Force is expanding the use of oil from restaurants inorder to power all their vehicles. Peanut oil is a large portion of this reused oil. The program started off small, but do to its success the program has been expanded.
Whether biodiesel is new world thinking, or a turn in America and the world, back to practical basics due to a shift in general resources and technology-peanut oil will continue to be a flexible fuel for the human body, homes, business equipment, and cars.
H.R. 6049 (Adobe pdf) has a lot of good benefits in it. In a phone interview with Kate Smolski who is the Senior Legislative Coordinator for Green Peaces Global Warming Campaign; Smolski advises that the bill is positively beneficial to many people. However, she adds that a lot of tax breaks for fossil fuel production were buried in the bill itself, and also hidden behind the green publicity this act is receiving. She hopes that none of the green benefits are removed by the House. But she does hope that the House sends the Act back to the Senate so that a clear message is sent, that clean energy now is the only option.
The day after the Senate approved of the bill hailed for its pro wind energy, many critics are saying its not enough.
Critics are calling for all Americans to be united for not only our country, but the entire planets survival.
The question is while this is a valid need. Would putting a total stop to finding oil in America also hurt our transition to oil free economy? Since most companies are opting for energies like B20.
This is in is due to the fact that in the cold states B100 (100% biodiesel) clogs up.
Or will lobbyist gladly keep trying to keep America addicted to dirty energy, like a junky abandoning responsibility to their children, for the next fix. In this case the children represent the environment.
Everybody needs to think wisely, and now is the time to do it.
The BlueTEC Urea System is designed to drastically control exhaust emissions in light duty vehicles such as SUVs. The BlueTEC engines are currently the cleanest running diesel engines in the world.
BlueTEC is on the cutting edge of having the least automobile gas emissions of it class. Mercedes Benz is releasing these low emission Sport Utility Vehicles right on time for the 2009 season.
This fall is the scheduled release of the ground breaking Blue TEC system for the 2009 auto release season.
The Mercedes Benz Corporation, in the long line of ground breaking achievements, is reaching a new mile stone in America with the BlueTEC system.
The BlueTEC system has been introduced in America at trade shows and in production in other countries since 2006.
How BlueTEC works video
The manufacturer announced the release of the R 320 BlueTEC, ML 320 BlueTEC and GL 320 BlueTEC models on September 13th.
BlueTEC is the branded name for two nitrogen-oxide systems that go beyond the idea of filtering diesel particle soot. The systems are designed to remove NOx from the exhaust.
This system uses Adblue to produce ammonia in the flow of the exhaust system after filtering the diesel particulate out and passing the remaining exhaust through an oxidizing catalytic converter.
Adblue contains a variety of urea solution used in diesel commercial trucking to produce the same affect that the solution is used for in commercial trucking.
In the catalytic converter the catalyst separates the remaining NOx in the exhaust stream into water vapor and nitrogen.
As of 2009, in the United States the emissions limits for the EPAs tier 2 regulations are raised for SUVs, light duty trucks, and cars . Tier 2 brings these vehicles under the same stringent regulations as Tier 1 did for heavy transport vehicles weighing 8,500 lbs. These larger vehicles are still included in the Tier 2 regulation.
There are eight permanent certification levels, with three additional temporary levels. Each vehicle can apply to one of these levels. The temporary levels expire at the end of 2008.
This means that vehicles that were in one of the temporary categories have to find a place in the permanent eight emission certification levels. These levels are called bins.
The Adblue urea system will allow these SUV engines to be pass the Bin 5 emission standards of the Federal Test Procedure.
Trucks and SUVs need to use better emission systems like the urea systems because these larger engines usually put out more pollutants each mile than smaller vehicles. Since the vehicles have to adhere to the same particle emission limit per mile the particle filtering system for SUVs and trucks has to be more thorough.
The BlueTEC Adblue urea solution is the best filtration system that is available to meet the new emission standard for SUVs.
Posted in Biodiesel by admin on September 16, 2008.
Biodiesel equipment includes all of the items used in the production of biofuel, be that production home based home brew or factory based and the variety of equipment used, and it depends mostly on the size of the batch one is looking to produce, this article is specifically about homebrew biodiesel equipment.
One of the major factors is going to be if you are going to use someones homemade equipment or biodiesel equipment that comes from a manufacturer.
In general, biodiesel equipment from a manufacturer, will keep the fumes and ingredients themselves contained through the entire process.
For batches that are not made in a self-contained system (such as in smaller batches), safety is an incredibly important issue and one that cannot in any way, shape or form be taken lightly.
Goggles, and a face guard to protect the eyes are mandatory in such setups and should always be used in any homebrew setup as well.
And open-air environment protects the lungs. Its important to note that if something goes wrong with a larger self-contained system and it leaks… the fumes can blind a person if they inhale them. That is, if they dont get killed, or seriously burned.
Industrial gloves and an apron are also good recommendations to have along with the googles and face guard for all systems.
An open hose, either running or easily turned on, as well as a bucket of water to wash away anything that gets on you is a great idea to have on hand in any chemistry lab, and takes on an important role as an essential component in biodiesel equipment lineups.
Again, if the methanol gets on human skin, it will blind. Respect for a toxic tools is important (this cannot be stressed enough).
Tester batches will need, a glass blender.
It needs to be made of glass so that the methanol doesn’t eat through the plastic. This blender has to be clearly marked for biodiesel use. It can never be used for food again.
A regular glass quart size measure is used to mix the methanol and sodium hydroxide, lye, or potassium hydroxide.
Medium to useful size batches will need an electric water heater based biodiesel processor as the heating and mixture tool.
A water pump is attached to the water heater based biodiesel processor.
To create the methoxide a carboy can be filled with the proper proportion.
The methoxide is sucked into the water heater, effectively mixing it with the waste vegetable oil.
The element then disperses the mixture into a holding tank of one sort or another that can handle the volume. The bottom of this tank needs to be able to drain off the glycerin.
If desired, it is possible to make soap from this glycerin and there are kits available to do this online.
Next for this stage a filter is needed, all kinds of filters are available, buckets, pumps, and those kinds of things as well.
A ten-micron filter will do the job well, however there are more thorough systems available.
There are large machines that can be used for creating biodiesel at home.
These machines are mostly automated at the push of a button, however, like anything else in the world of chemistry, all the safety instructions must be carefully followed.
The volume and amount they can convert per 24/48 hours periods totally vary from company to company, usually the larger the batch, the longer the drying process takes, and thus, the longer the conversion process.
Choosing the right kind of homebrew biodiesel equipment, for a needed batch size is essential to everyone choosing to distil his or her own biofuel safely; be it for fun, self-reliance, financial freedom, the environment or for all of the above: safety first so do your homework!
A Natural Gas Vehicle is a fuel efficient and environmentally friendly automobile, a vehicle for the type of driver who cares about the environment. Natural Gas Vehicles run on the same principles as fossil fuel automobiles.
The difference between natural gas and other traditional fossil fuel automotives is that it takes on a gaseous form that is 90% (methane CH4), while what we tend to call gasoline is a part of the fossil decay that takes on a liquid form.
While some of the practical engine systems, fuel storage and exhaust are modified; natural gas also has a higher octane rating than other forms of fuel.
The environmentalist in everyone, likes and needs a cleaner burning fuel, and this is the type of fuel that natural gas provides.
For as little as five hundred to fifteen hundred dollars, the car owner can buy a gauge to hook up to their own natural gas service at home.
A Compressed Natural Gas Car Video – Why not do it yourself?
This can result in less need to go to the gas station, and eliminate little bills or searching your car for change to fill the tank, or in other cases, just cut down on the hassle of running a credit card or debit card every time a fill up is necessary. And at the gas station pump it costs less than regular gasoline.
In California NGV drivers can get a pass to drive in the car pool (High Occupancy Vehicle-HOV) lane while driving alone. The U.S. Department of Energy has stated that less than 20% of all natural gas is imported. That department also states that most of those imports comes from Canada.
The antithesis is that natural gas vehicles do emit 30% more green house gases than their hybrid counter parts, in a comparison between Honda Civics, one that is a hybrid while the other is one of the few, if not the only new vehicle purchase option.
In the united states there are one hundred thirty thousand natural gas vehicles at present and most of these are fleet government vehicles, not commuter vehicles. Other countries such as Argentina and Brazil each have about a million natural gas vehicles on the road as of 2008.
Integrated Storage Systems contain compressed natural gas. The compressed natural gas (CNG) helps for more compact storage. The storage systems are cylinders that are reinforced.
This reinforcement is in the event that a crash may occur. The cylinders have an outer foam shell for this purpose as well. The compression of methane in these tanks is near to three thousand three hundred pounds per square inch.
The engine has a gauge that reduces pressure as the methane comes through and at the end of the process, the catalytic converter is designed to handle specifically methane.
There is more natural gas fossil fuel readily available than other liquid fossil fuels. This cuts down on oil dependence and the need for less environmentally friendly liquid fuel sources.
If you are looking for a natural gas vehicle, one of the places to start is www.economy.gov and to rent fleets of NGVs, one resource is Southern California Gas Company’s Natural Gas Vehicle Group at (213) 244-5681.
Most States have programs for natural gas vehicle drivers that allows them to use carpool lanes. One that is particularly promoted well on the Internet is for the state of California.
For more information about the state of California’s NGV solo driver High Occupancy Vehicle program, contact the California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition Web page. These resources can also be found on SoCal Gas Companies web site http://www.socalgas.com/business/ngv/
Ethanol is the cheapest, most renewable biofuel known. It has high octane, and stimulates octane as well, in place of lead. Its easily produced and is one of the cleanest burning fuels. These are the traits that make it appealing.
By the process of fermentation and distillation of the sugars and starches that come from sugar cane, fruits,sorghum, corn stalks as well as ear tips, willow trees, myscanthus, canary grass, cord grasses, Jerusalem artichoke, wheat, and other less noted vegetable wastes, all produce ethanol.
Because the use of plant sugar fermentation is so sustainable, the demand for ethanol is expected to expand.
According to Freedonia (a research firm), the demand for biofuel will increase approximately twenty percent in the next four years, and the biggest part of this increase, will come from bio-ethanol.
Ethanol provides high octane (C8H18). It takes the place of lead as an octane stimulate. Its common names are ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, hydroxy ethane, ethyl hydrate, or drinking alcohol, EtOH, (C2 H5), (C2 H5 OH), and Et.
Ethonal is found in alcohol beverages and thermometers, it is easily renewable and is colorless.
Bioethanol is the main fuel used instead of standard gasoline used in driving cars and the demand is so high that there are plans for using municipal waste systems as a methanol resource.
Ethanol’s oxygen content is high and reduces carbon monoxide more than any oxygenate: by twenty five to thirty percent according to the US EPA.
“Estimating the Net Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol”, by Hosein Shapouri et al., US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Office of Energy and New Uses, Agricultural Economic Report No. 721, July 1995
“Studies conducted since the late 1970s have estimated the net energy value of corn ethanol. However, variations in data and assumptions used among the studies have resulted in a wide range of estimates. This study identifies the factors causing this wide variation and develops a more consistent estimate… We show that corn ethanol is energy efficient as indicated by an energy ratio of 1.24.”
Corn Ethanol is estimated to be fifty-five thousand BTUs above the nearest hot burning ethanol according to the same research.
States: IL, IA, IN, NE, MN, OH, MI, WI, and SD (Ali and McBride). Are the 9 states that produce eighty-two to ninety-three percent of U.S. corn ethanol production.
Research has shown that corn ethanol has less waste than other sources of larger scale ethanol production.
When co-product energy credits are added to the calculations, the NEV of corn ethanol is positive regardless of the type of milling used. Dry-milling results in the highest NEV, 19,290 Btu, but wet-milling NEV differs by only 4,989 Btu per gallon. The NEV for weighted average case is 16,193 Btu per gallon. According to Shapouri, Duffield, and Graboski.
All types of ethanol benefit everyone. They serve the often out of balance purposes of mankind, and save the environment at the same time.
They create the least amount of low ground ozone. A fact that can be verified by the research of Shapouri, Duffield and Graboski.
The future is when all used car lots are filled with alternate energy vehicles. The idea inspires the imagination. In the minds eye one can see people distilling their own ethanol as easily as they garden. And it could be just another one of the joys of gardening.
Source: World Biofuels (March 2008,
364 pages), The Freedonia Group Inc., 767
Beta Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44143.
Web site: www.freedoniagroup.com
As cited in the Futurist, Jul/Aug2008, Vol. 42 Issue 4, p2-2, 0p
Biodiesel Power is a history of the people, organizations, politics and one mans passion for biodiesel; who the major players are now, what the future of this renewable source of fuel will be and how anyone can learn to get into it, from the blender batch to the full scale mini-refinery.
Does the realm of current political struggle tend to make you upset or feel dependent in anyway every time you are forced to fill the gas tank with ever increasing gas prices?
What about the story of grass-roots activists and their co-ops, does that story intrigue you, or do you find interest in the commercial, moneymaking agribusiness of biofuel that has popped up in response?
This book takes you on a journey through all of those questions and the emerging biofuel industry, touching up on technical details like quality and specs (not teaching in depth how to make this veggie-fuel), exploring the whos and whats as well as the tensions that have existed and still exist today between the different players.
The author of this book, started out as a simple do-it-yourself, soon became the passionate mad chemist-type, went through hardships and success stories, to finally become Vice President of Piedmont Biofuels in Chatham County, North Carolina.
This 272-page paperback, written by Lyle Estill, published by New Society, made from recycled paper, measuring 8.3 x 5.5 x 1, ships at 13.6 ounces.
The passion, the people, and the politics of the next renewable fuel, Biodiesel Power is the kind of book that will help anybody looking to get into this field, understand what it takes to be successful, and most of all, the benefits of doing so, for a more sustainable way of life, that is self-reliant, right now.
The complete guide to using vegetable oil as an alternative fuel, from the fryer to the fuel tank details running the diesel engine on vegetable oils, including information on biodiesel made from new or used veggie oil and even straight vegetable oil (SVO) use.
The economy is not prepared for the individual with a passion for making their own biodiesel, anyone doing it themselves and looking for inspiration from the countries most well-known biodiesel home brew expert, will find this book is preaching what you want to hear and showing you step by step, how to get it right the very first time.
We all know that the greenhouse effect is causing serious damage to the environment, we also know that the biggest problem facing the world right now are the absurd amounts of petrol being burned into the atmosphere and that by closing the cycle, we may be able to help the planet repair itself, but is the government ready to start now?
No. The economy is not going to change overnight. Most probably, the ones responsible for a change will be the average citizen who is concerned with the catastrophic effects global warming can have if we don’t do anything about it.
Dino-diesel is exactly that, dead dinosaurs, who needed a seriously larger amount of vegetation to survive than is currently available on the planet at this time, they had a closed cycle and carbon neutrality, but to achieve that now, would be virtually impossible.
The world is not ready for reforestation, but some of us, those of us looking to make a difference right now, to our neighbors, family and friends, with a hobby that makes environmental sense, are willing to take the time and invest in at the very least, biodiesel automotives.
Taking that investment into the garage or backyard shed is a decision that each and every one of us needs to make on our own, but if you have already made that decision, this book was written for you.
This 162-page paperback, was written by Joshua and Kaia Tickell, edited by Kaia Roman, was published in the third edition in December of 2000, measuring 9.8 x 7 x 0.6 and it ships at 13.4 ounces.
Why use biodiesel, detailed information on how to make it yourself in the garage, lists of parts, dealers, organizations, recipes and ingredients for tree-huggers that enjoy mechanical chemistry projects and are fascinated with the idea of making better use of diesel engines for a more sustainable vehicle economy that is carbon neutral.
This book will take you From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank, with everything you need to know how to Do-It-Yourself.
This is a practical book on how to make biodiesel from vegetable oil, with all the introductory information that people are looking for, including the chemistry and hardware involved, step by step.
Deep in the recesses of time, the dinosaurs once walked the earth, there was more vegetation and the dragons that roamed these lands were far larger than their serpent ancestors of today.
Thus the smaller creatures became, the less vegetation was needed to consume the CO2 we Oxygen users give off, but with the mining of the mortal remains of that lost legion of gigantic reptiles, they exhale once last fatal time, at a moment, when we find ourselves at our knees to the devastating effects of disappearing Ozone.
CO2 emissions are affecting the whole planet and the greenhouse effect needs to be contained as soon as possible, we could start with biodiesel, a neutral fuel.
Biodiesel burns off CO2, but the plants that created it, consume CO2, thus there is a closed cycle going on. Diesel cars will also quickly get more efficient because of stricter regulation.
Chemistry is a tough one to handle sometimes, but if the reader enjoys chemistry and do-it-yourself projects, or is just looking to get into the business of biofuel production, this book has all the basic information very clearly detailed, with special information for those living in the UK, such as legality.
This 124-page paperback, written by Dan M. Carter and Jon Halle, was published by Low-impact Living Initiative in March of 2005, measuring 9.1 x 6.1 x 0.5 and it ships at 6.4 ounces.
A practical guide to using vegetable oil for diesel production, the environmental benefits of biodiesel, the chemistry involved, step by step instructions and the legal system involved with biodiesel production in the United Kingdom, a book for beginners looking for introductory information on How To Make Biodiesel, for a more sustainable global community that is ready for carbon neutrality.
The 2007 Cyber Guide to Biodiesel is a CD-ROM collection in PDF format using Adobe Acrobat viewing technology, filled with public domain information about all aspects of biodiesel, its production, performance, standards, storage, safety, specifications, blends and usage, compiled privately as an educational tool.
The information you need to know about biodiesel, all in one place with a built-in and precise search engine that finds keywords quickly and efficiently throughout 39,276 pages of comprehensive coverage.
Pollution, history, chemicals, physical characteristics, SVO vegetable oil, feedstocks, restaurant grease, tallow, soy, canola and fats, the list of subject matters is enormous, with materials from the Energy Department and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
From federal grants to small business programs, even direct information on biodiesel production technology; if it is information on biodiesel and public domain, this cross-referencing PDF has it all!
Over 39,000 pages in this CD-ROM ebook in PDF format, was first published by Progressive Management in September of 2006, measuring 5.6 x 4.8 x 0.4 and shipping at 12 ounces.
How susceptible is biodiesel to composting? What about issues of product quality? Transportation, storage, plant safety, feedstock preparation, logistics, recovery and treatment of side streams, post-reaction processing, patents, pre-treatment of feedstocks, chemical plant controls, equipment, plant, properties, specification, basic organic chemistry and basic production, the PDF Adobe Acrobat technology makes referencing simple and straight forward information available in one virtual space.
This is an ebook of the future, offering depth coverage of small business programs and federal grants.
2007 Cyber Guide to Biodiesel is part of a private collection of news and educational discs of official public domain U.S. government documents and files, designed to use the benefits of Adobe Acrobat format on either Macintosh or Windows alike, uniformly presenting thousands of pages on the subject of Biodiesel in one space to be instantly accessed wherever you are with need to know information from the Federal sources you trust.
Biodiesel America – How to Achieve Energy Security, Free America From Middle-East Oil Dependence and Make Money Growing Fuel challenges the status quo and what we believe about energy security, delving into secrets the government would prefer people not question.
A student of film, author Josh Tickell speaks out about energy security and the alternatives available in such solutions as biodiesel. While challenging governments and automakers, Josh Tickell offers a complete energy roadmap to wean our country off of its dependence upon foreign oil.
The price of a barrel of oil, OPEC instability, Venezuela exporting like wildfire, Chinas growing demand, concerns about Iraq, Human rights in Niger, the rural American economy struggling, environmental damage caused by fossil fuels, so alarming that it has been stated as more dangerous than terrorist attacks, health problems in our society increase, from cancerto asthma… and yet toxic emissions increase?
This is a 340 page hardcover published by Yorkshire Press in February of 2006, measuring 9.1 x 6.2 x 1.1 and shipping at 1.4 pounds.
Josh Tickells new book suggests a viable alternative in biodiesel that solves the question of energy security for a more sustainable and self-reliant tomorrow that we can grow independently.
Farmers, economists, politicians and environmentalists will enjoy this alternative view on what is quickly becoming an alternative for energy security. Biodiesel America offers a roadmap to exactly that energy security.
This Building a Successful Biodiesel Business book was written to help entrepreneurs and venture capitalists that take our nations sustainability seriously and are looking to enter the biodiesel industry successfully.
Seeing the nations excitement over biodiesel, the authors Jon Harlan Van Gerpen, Rudy Pruszko, Davis Clements and Brent Shanks (a team of experts) came together to write this comprehensive resource manual for the innovating patriot.
Covering technological considerations, business development and analytical methodologies, Building a Successful Biodiesel Business provides unbiased information about biodiesel for the investor looking to do-it-themselves.
This book is a revised addition of the original notes that came from Biodiesel Basics workshops, taking into account feedback from students and incorporating a whole additional three chapters.
The importance of fuel quality, biofuel specifications, test methods, engine requirements, If it doesnt meet ASTM specification, its not biodiesel and trust is what any industry is based on, so if you plan on going into this field, remember that your products quality reflects the image of an entire industry, do it right the first time and everybody will succeed.
This 277-page second edition paperback, written by a team of experts in the field of biodiesel, published by Biodiesel Basics in July of 2006, measures 10.6 x 8.2 x 0.7 and ships at 1.7 pounds.
The biodiesel industry may grow rapidly over the next few years, and it is up to those who really believe passionately in a more sustainable way of life, filled with long-term goals and long-term profits that will make the industry a solid solution for the children of our children.
If entrepreneurs who make biodiesel are careful to follow the guidelines established in Building a Successful Biodiesel Business, then a whole new American industry will flourish, on par with European counterparts, building a more self-reliant tomorrow, today!
Biodiesel: Growing A New Energy Economy is a book that explores the history and technology of biodiesel. From Rudolf Diesel’s peanut oil engine till todays eco-revival; author Greg Pahl illustrates the potentials of this resource fuel for overcoming our global dependence on fossil fuels.
The book Biodiesel: Growing A New Energy Economy suggests just that, that we grow it ourselves in a self-reliant manner that gives back to Mother Nature rather than simply taking away.
At one time on our planet, we apparently had enough plants to agitate a far larger amount of gas exchanges than today and by releasing our black oil reserves into the atmosphere, we have thrown our biosphere out of balance.
By opting for biodiesel, we could perhaps begin the long process of healing the planet.
Thisbook illustrates how we can recycle cooking oils, animal fats and a wide range of crop-derived liquid fuels in the search for a more sustainable way of life. It argues the benefits of biodiesel to be cleaner and just as efficient as petro-diesel fuel for vehicles, residences or commercial buildings.
Political instability, human suffering, economic depression on a global scale and the fears that go with those kinds of situations may all have a common factor in the importance our planet seems to give to oil, and author Greg Pahl suggests a solution in Biodiesel, as a new world wide energy economy that works to the benefit of both humans and nature.
Biodiesel: Growing A New Energy Economy is a 282-page paperback written by Greg Pahl, first published by Chelsea Green in January of 2005, measuring 8.8 x 6 x 1.3 and shipping at 15.2 ounces.
As one more title in the Chelsea Green eco-friendly line up, Greg Pahls Biodiesel book, really takes hold of the economical, political and socio-cultural situations our planet faces at present, fully orchestrating a variety of possibilities that involve biodiesel as a viable solution to current and future energy issues.
Using biodiesel on a global scale could reduce net CO2 emissions by 78 percent, it blends perfectlywith existing petro-diesel without any risk to your engine or home heating system, it is more degradable than sugar, less toxic than table salt, it motivates the local feedstock economy, reducing the need for foreign oil, while supporting the local economy and agricultural community at the same time.
Biodiesel is a way of meeting our current needs, to prevent devastating Global Warming effects and at the same time, prepare our future generations for a more sustainable.
Biodiesel: Basics And Beyond, is a comprehensive guide to the homemade production and use of biodiesel for those living out on a farm or looking for a little more sustainability in their lives. A perfect read for homesteaders and environmentalists looking to understand a little more about this renewable fuel and how to brew-it-yourself at home in an environmentally friendly way that both makes a difference in the here and now as well as help prepare future generations for a change in the American way of life.
Not long ago, before the dissemination of the Internet, a person would take a trip down to the county library and try to find information on renewables in general and for the most part, their research would dig up little to nothing. Biodiesel Basics And Beyond is a book that changes those old ways; changing for the most part, an area that has always belonged to specialists and making it user friendly for the do-it-yourselfer American looking to “really make a change.”
It isn’t just about making your own diesel, out on the farm for your own personal generator, just to cut down on costs, this book is about giving back to Mother Nature and changing our planet, making a difference for the better. It isn’t hard to do it yourself with biodiesel, but it does take careful planning and guidance from someone who really knows what you are going to try and do. Mostly however, but mostly, it takes the self-confidence to know that you can make a change for the better and accept that kind of opportunity into your life.
Learn to separate fact from fiction about the homebrewed biodiesel in use today, learn to make yourself in an environmentally friendly manner, with a guide to numerous reference materials, lists of supplier data, how to use the co-byproduct of glycerin to make soap, how to use excess oilseed as a feedstock for biodiesel production and the whole process detailed with lists of equipment that meet North American environmentalist standards from both waste oil and virgin oil feedstock.
Biodiesel Basics And Beyond is a 587 word paperback written by William H. Kemp, published by AZtext Press in June of 2006, measuring 8.8″ x 6″ x 1.5″ and shipping at 2 pounds.
Author William Kemp is the Vice President of Engineering of Powerbase Automation Systems Inc. and is a consultant in software and electronics design that look to create an environmentally friendly impact on hydroelectric utilities around the world.
Biodiesel Basics and Beyond was written by a man who cares about the environment for people who also care about the environment and are looking to make a difference in the here and now on their farm or homestead today for a brighter and better tomorrow that is soon to change the way our civilization looks at its energy reserves.
Biodiesel Basics and Beyond was written for the do-it-yourselfer, ready to take the issue of global warming into his or her own hands, do it right the first time and in an environmentally friendly way, making the most of all your energy potential.
Could the study of genome transplant and biofuels create a profitable market for the transportation sector on a global scale? Perhaps they could provide serious progress in that direction if funding for research was advanced enough at the moment, but as of July 2007, no one has been working on microalgal strain re-writes that make effective use of transplants to power an algal cell. Could the problem be government funding?
So far, only scientists at the J. Craig Venter Institute in Rockville, Md., have been able to effectively transplant a genome from one species and insert it into another and getting it to reproduce the donor species with desirable surface qualities from the host species from the available proteins of the recipient cell.
And this is in a totally different area from biodiesel production; they were messing around with some nasty critters that make cows and sheep sick. Essentially though, what they have done is make leaps in their field of research, synthetic genomics.
The basic desire for those in the field of synthetic genomics is to produce a modification on pre-existing life forms with the intention of producing either a desired product or behavior in the newly created life form, without being limited to naturally occurring genes, but also being able to custom design their own base pair series.
This experiment is a breakthrough in synthetic genomics because the proteins available from the recipient were enough to feed reproduction; if foreign proteins had been necessary it would have really made a barrier for this field of research.
High productivity and high lipid content are the desirable traits in biodiesel production and efforts in this direction have been analyzed using mutagenesis or genetic engineering by manipulating algal biosynthetic pathways to produce strains with higher lipid levels.
One interesting possibility for higher productivity and higher lipid content would be in the field of genetic modification where key genes are introduced or repressed to regulate lipid synthesis, this had some study done with research that performed a series of experiments that looked to understand what was required to produce mutants in microalgae. Lack of knowledge in microbiology always made it harder to fund those kinds of experiments back in the 1980s and especially the 1990s.
The whole trend into synthetic genomics is that it would make things a lot more energetically efficient; allowing the new organism to just do the job it was designed to do, like acomputer or a synthetic chemical.
In this case, get fat and reproduce heavily on what little sunlight or resources are available, without any competition from other organisms, yes a controlled environment would be best for this new form of supercharged algae for strictly biodiesel production!
In nature, things have occurred over aeons that have naturally selected existing micro-algae to thrive and coexist in this perfect ecosystem that is our planet, and a lot of their genomes are geared just to help them survive out there in the wild, but why would a future biofuel need to survive in the wild?
Too much energy goes into those complicated genomic structures that Mother Nature engineered, and synthetic genomics looks to create new creatures to do a certain, exact and useful job. For example: producing highly productive micro-algae with lipid contents that double artificial yields compared to those available straight out of Natures womb?
That is only wishful thinking, but nowhere near impossible with current technological advances such as genome transplants. What if they used the new field of synthetic genomics to strategically build a genome that was ideal to the production of biofuel and inserted it into an existing ideal microalgal strain?
Well, it might surely take more than 150,000 attempts, but for those who know biodiesel, microalgae seems to already be the most economic way to produce biodiesel from what Mother Nature put here on Earth, something like 60% oil in some cases, what if they made one that was 90% oil and twice as productive?
Well, that is enough speculation for today, but has the discovery of the genome transplant furthered scientific inquiry? Absolutely yes! Now, could we turn this into something useful with micro-algae strictly for biofuel production? Only proper funding and interdisciplinary dialogue between these two distinct types of engineers will harness an experiment in that direction.
Lean, Premixed, Prevaporized LPP combustion of liquid fuels or LPP Gas is a new method for making the most use out of existing fuel liquids such as biodiesel, kerosene, coal liquids, ethanol, #2 fuel oil and methanol, into an environmentally clean synthetic natural gas, thereby reducing emission rates to those of natural gas emissions.
LPP Gas also frees industries from the tie-ups involved in dependency on only one energy source; such as natural gas, which has been getting more and more expensive as demand grows and supply does not.
LPP Gas is a self-contained hardware skid that allows for rapid switching between liquid fuels and natural gas by providing operation on liquid fuels, transforming them into something that any standard, natural gas turbine can use.
This process can be safely located near any existing storage tanks, and the hardware skid itself is a unique fuel vaporizing design developed by LPP Combustion, LCC with conventional compressors, heat exchangers, valves, piping, control hardware, and passive air separation membranes readily available in the market today.
In this way, concerned industries that have already switched to biofuels or even still find themselves facing skyrocketing foreign oil prices, will find LPP Gas will eliminate any significant penalty from the governments overbearing green emissions policies through potent synthetic natural gas that gets the most out of your dollar.
Set industries free of overbearing green emissions policies.
As of June 13, 2007, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the price of soybean oil needs to beno more than 34 cents per pound if the biodiesel industry is to make a profit, signaling the market for urgent investments in alternative sources of vegetable oils.
80 percent of the veggie oil being used at present for biodiesel comes from Soybeans, really showing us just how dependent this industry really is on the Iowa Soybean industry.
The trade for soybean oil is probably only going to increase according market speculators that know their game and the only way to get the price of biodiesel down to something reasonable is to find an alternative source of oil that is ecologically neutral and can be produced in abundance within our national boarders for a decent price.
Soybeans apparently just are not cutting it! By July of 2008 the prices on Soybean oil should be around 38 cents a pound according to Chicago Board of Trade this week and that is simply unacceptable for the current rate of production in eco-friendly fuel alternatives.
Only a handful of other industries have taken such organic growth in our nations economy in the last century, and from Mondays report the CBT reveals a U.S. consumption of 202.54 million pounds in soybean oil for April of 2007, as opposed to 96.28 million in April of 2006.
Biodiesel is in demand and the soybean market would need to be twice the size of the entire continental U.S. to support our current demand on all motorized vehicles.
High prices like these are going to make things difficult for our people to free themselves from unwanted dependence on foreign oil and polluting CO2 cycles that have no place of return.
Our planet needs more green-reserves like the Atlantic Rainforests in South America and naturally occurring algae found in the oceans. Biodiesel will neutralize or CO2 output almost entirely without messing with our way of life.
Biodiesel projects in the U.S. are going to be hindered because of Soybean Oil prices, according to the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association as of the four projects that have been in the planning stages since late last year, only one has been able to move forward due to issues with profitability.
We are feeling this in a major way, and it is all around us. Solutions need to be found soon, and the American people need to get up the courage to invest in themselves for a change.
The article Widescale Biodiesel Production from Algae (Briggs, Michael) for example gives us an idea of where we need to invest, but most certainly, this is the stage we are in, an unless something is done soon; the market wont advance fast enough to deal with the demand in the next few years to come.
I was just looking around today for some interesting techy movies, and I found Biodiesel Man on YouTube, presented by Mike Rowe from Dirty Jobs, this is really worth the eight minutes you will spend watching, especially if you are a new to how biodiesel is made in your own garage.
Bruce Barber is Biodiesel Man and rides a 1982 (diesel engine) Datsun King Cab that gets 40 miles to the gallon (0.55U$ per gal.) and now runs off of Biodiesel that he makes in his own garage, the only modification to his engine was changing the fuel lines from rubber to synthetics!
Biodiesel Man uses processed vegetable oil that comes from restaurants such as Diegos, giving his exhaust the smell of a kitchen and the environment the break it deserves
Step by step, in eight short minutes, this enjoyable video with Biodiesel Man is educational and fun, taking you quickly through how biodiesel is made in your own garage.
Biodiesel Boat and Earthrace are racing around the world for a better planet.
Circumnavigating the planet in a biodiesel fueled powerboat, trying to break a world record and promoting the use of renewable energy the world over is what Earthrace is all about.
The biodiesel boat being used in Earthrace is a tri-hull wave piercing powerboat, which means that the front hull actually slips straight into a wave instead of going over it, giving it the advantage of a straight line and almost completely ignoring storm conditions.
Three hulls give the biodiesel boat a serious stability advantage and the knife-like nature with sleek rounded sides and top allow it to rocket through the waves much like a torpedo through water.All the high-tech naval architecture and craftsmanship blend the absolute latest in human seafaring speed technology with the latest trends in renewables; biodiesel.
The biodiesel boat will not merely break a world record for the sake of doing so, it is an attempt at enlightening the entire world to the effectiveness of renewable energy sources in todays fast paced electron flinging cybertech world.
Earthrace is programmed to tour for 18 months and visit over 60 of the globes greatest cities, promoting biofuels and raising awareness about more sustainable uses of our planets resources.
Earthrace is 24,000 nautical miles, in a powerboat, the current record stands at 75 days and was set by British boat Cable & Wireless in 98.
Earthrace is planning to beat that record by ten days, and mark the first time in history that an official UIM Powerboat is raced strictly on renewable fuel alone.
The biodiesel has non-toxic anti-foul engines that are low-emissions and the most efficient hull design available in the world for long-distant oceanic racing.
Earthrace will start from Barbados, go through the Panama Canal, across the orient to northern Africa and back finally to Barbados, breaking a world record and going down in history.
Biodiesel Boat and Earthrace are making a statement about how our world uses its resources, a statement that is long overdue to the sustainable world.
Algae biodiesel as a sustainable solution does not merely mean providing for the now while guaranteeing self-reliance, sustainable also means without compromising the future.
Is all algae biodiesel a sustainable solution? That is question that requires a serious investigation into all the different kinds of algae biodiesel are out on the market right now, and which ones develop fewer ecological footprints.
Researchers in the Utah State University Biofuels Program have begun to show how native algae from bioreactors is many times more sustainable than our current biofuel food crops.
USUs high-tech bioreactor multiplies the sunlight available in controlled favored conditions for effluent management systems in the agricultural industry, incrementing bioremediation and algae biomass production to 200 times what soybeans can provide.
Corn and soybeans can both be eaten and would provide a wider nutritional market if not compromised by biodiesel production, both as feedstock for animals as well as human consumption and are also subject to bad harvests.
Controlled environments such as those in algae bioreactors are not subject to bad harvests and remain sustainable for the economy year after year.
“For soybeans, you get about 48 gallons per acre. And right now, the idea is for algae, we could get about 10-thousand gallons of oil per acre. So you can see it’s about 200 times more oil per acre compared to soybeans.”
“For every square meter of parabolic dish, we can illuminate 10 square meters of algae surface.”
Byard Wood, USU Biofuels Program: “We’re talking about thousands of acres with these kinds of bioreactors to produce in quantity the amount of liquid fuel that we need to make an impact.”
According to reliable sources, PetroSun is already in its final stages of testing commercially scaled CO2 injecting bioreactors that produce algae biomass that can provide 30 times the production per acre of biodiesel than corn or soybeans.
Injecting CO2 means the bioreactor needs to be near a place that already produces CO2, in the case of PetroSun, major cities and industries that can capturethe needed gas would be more economical to avoid higher transportation costs, and allow self-reliance on a more practical scale.
Biodiesel, including algae biodiesel is considered CO2-neutral because in the process of making biodiesel it consumes CO2, either from the atmosphere or injected artificially, but in the act of usingBiofuel CO2 is then released, either into the atmosphere or into an artificial caption chamber.
The Ozone would not be repaired immediately or directly, but indirectly, over time if we just stopped using the trapped CO2 reserve that is in petroleum (from millions of years ago by the way; a time when the planet was totally covered by vegetation and could handle that kind of reptilian exhale).
If we really wanted to repair the ozone, we would have to confront another issue deforestation.
But algae forests under the ocean are responsible for 60% of the earths oxygen production; so by not polluting the seas with our dirty waterfrom our lakes and streams, we would be indirectly saving forests and forests of algae that would never be burned as biofuel.
A more centralized idea for algae biofuel as a sustainable solution would be a high-tech native pond scum biofuel bioreactor in the Sonora desert.
Not that a single centralized solution is the answer, but nonetheless the algae bioreactor project at USU would leave far fewer ecological footprints in the long run do to the quantitative amount of sunlight provided in the desert.
The Sonora desert is divided almost in the middle by the Mexican-American boarder and represents an opportune location for either bioreactor or wild algae production.
If only 15,000 square miles of the Mexican side were cultivated in algae bioreactors, it could potentially be enough to pay Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) growing debt and turn Mexico into one of the most wealthiest nations over night.
As far fetched as that claim might sound, doing the math of ongoing research in bioreactors has already shown promise among specialists studying the Sonora desert on US soil.
We found that to replace all transportation fuels in theUS, we would need 140.8 billion gallons of biodiesel (a year), or roughly 19 quads (one quad is roughly 7.5 billion gallons of biodiesel). To produce that amount would require a landmass of almost 15,000 square miles. To put that in perspective, considerthat the Sonora desert in the southwestern US comprises 120,000 square miles. Enough biodiesel to replace all petroleum transportation fuels (in the USA) could be grown in 15,000 square miles, or roughly 12.5 percent of the area of the Sonora desert (note for clarification – I am not advocating putting 15,000 square miles of algae ponds in the Sonora desert. This hypothetical example is used strictly for the purpose of showing the scale of land required). That 15,000 square miles works out to roughly 9.5 million acres – far less than the 450 million acres currently used for crop farming in the US, and the over 500 million acres used as grazing land for farm animals.
The leading research program in biodiesel from algae production between 1978 and 1996 was the Aquatic Species Program (ASP) and their results were well documented in July of 1998 by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).
In the first three quarters of 2006 Mexico consumed roughly 10,664,000 US gallons of diesel a day, while still back in 2004 the US was consuming on the average, a little over 164,000,000 US gallons of diesel a day.
With all the free trade agreements Mexico has made in recent years (like NAFTA), and a distinct difference in diesel consumption between the two nations, it would be safe to assume that if Michael Briggshypothetical situation (above quote) is true, that would leave Mexico with at least an extra 153,000,000 US gallons of biofuel per day to sell to anybody in 2006 if they had used 15,000 square miles of their side of the Sonora desert to build sustainable algae bioreactors and refineries in 2005. Wow!
Well, all those hypothetical situations, hypothetical math equations, developed research and commercial organizations go to show us, just how much biofuel based on algae alone could change the world we live in by the end of the decade.
However regrettable; it is highly doubtful that any country with such excess algae biomass production would ever logically consider breeding algae just to save the ozone layer from our insane daily consumption, but that is the point to be seen, bioremediation of the earth goes beyond CO2-neutral biofuels.
But this kind of wishful thinking helps us really see what it would take to be a more sustainable solution; algae biodiesel cuts down the current ecological footprints made by using petrol CO2 reserves, but would never erase them permanently.
The question seems to be, who is going to catch hold of the fish first? Will all nations just go self-sufficient in their current forms of transportation and then stop there? All major nations seem seriously interested in the potentials of biodiesel based on algae such as wild pond scum.
Algae biodiesel as a sustainable solution would mean an overabundance of algae production and the replenishing of our undersea algae forests in an attempt at creating a more healthy and ecologically responsible world for the children of our childrens children.
Pond Scum Biodiesel is definitely on the rise as an international market and simply put, pond scum (scientifically called cyanobacteria more commonly known as blue-green algae) is a competitive biomass for refining biodiesel that is quickly earning the term sustainable fuel source.
While pond scum is still technically too small to be either plant or animal they are still traditionally seen as plants, due to their photosynthetic nature, consumption of CO2 and release of oxygen.
Bioreactors and open ponds are different methods of raising algae, and the term pond scum biodiesel refers more to the wild/native algae collected from open ponds rather than algae collected from a CO2 injected climate controlled bioreactor.
Pond scum biodiesel would be an easy to harvest crop for dairy farmers, paper or meat industries interested in bio-remediation of their waterways.
Anyone interested in Effluent Management Systems (EMS) would be interested in harvesting raw biomass from what has traditionally been a stream, lake and waterway pollutant.
ABC optimizes the ponds productive capacity, finds economical methods for harvesting pond algae allowing them to first exploit the available nutrients in the pond which causes bioremediation and lastly offers a third stage of water treatment leaving water in acceptable conditions to be discharged back into the aquifer.
This environmentally friendly cyanobacteria we call wild pond algae is still not yet a part of the US market, as of January 2007 but the gold rush for wild pond scum is already kicking into gear the world over, with entrepreneurs and venture capitalists from all over.
Australia jumped the gun in May of 2006 with their EMS project in Blenheim, Melborhough, piloted by ABC as the first wild pond scum biodiesel factory in the world.
Green Gold! Pond Scum Biodiesel is a practical and sustainable way to power combustion engines; its clean, safe, non-toxic and has no sulfur (a major plus).
According to some sources, wild pond scum biodiesel ABC in the US should have a pilot program by January of 2008 while bioreactor projects are already in final stages.
ABC offers a low-tech solution to bioremediation through native algae cultivation and could produce something like 1,440 US gallons of biodiesel per acre, thirty times what we get per acre of soybeans (48 gallons per acre).
If we remove the word wild and replace it with controlled pond scum environments; such as those used in the USU Biofuels Program, we could produce 200 times the biodiesel harvested per acre from soybeans.
USU Biofuels Program, with six million dollars in seed money has developed high-tech pond scum cultivation around farm effluents that are more efficient as bioremediators and produce thousands gallons more biomass than low-tech solutions can.
The USU program has also given birth to spin-offs with solids for methane gas production like Andigen, which can sustain the electricity for 100 homes with only single farms methane production.
With solar parabolic dishes on the roof and fiber-optics leading down to the contained ponds, every 1 square meter of dish space can illuminate 10 square meters of algae, surface, concentrating sunlight many times over that of natural, low-tech lighting.
Utah is positioning itself already to be a major player in this kind of high-tech (bioreactor) controlled pond scum biofuel, intending to become cost competitive within two years.
Pond Scum Biodiesel seems a growing trend among agriculturists nations around the globe, both for the low-tech and high-tech solutions.
The solution that is more sustainable will depend on the economical and industrial demands of the nation at the time, but the higher-tech a renewable energy source goes, the more ecological footprints it tends to make in the initial phases of construction.
The interesting side of this high-tech solution is the long-term use of such bioremediation technology and its quantifying energy production that minimizes greater land use in the production pond scum biofuel.
Pond Scum Biofuel is being more understood by the masses everyday, and the more it is used, the more it is defined as a sustainable way to deal with our energy crises world over.
The recent BioFuels Security Act released in the senate is exactly the kind of trend that is taking our nation in the direction of self-reliance and sustainability.
BioFuel and ethanol can be produced right here at home within the continental United States, and if we use our knowledge of current technologies to their limit, we could potentially provide enough energy resources thatan abundance would exist and not just for the US.
The BioFuels Security Act simply motivates automakers to increase their production of flex-fuel vehicles (FFVs) while increasing simultaneously the number of filling stations that offer biofuels such as E85 (increasing the Renewable Fuels Standard to 60 billion gallons of ethanol and biodiesel by 2030) and facilitating laws that stimulate alternative methods of raising fuel crops such as corn, soy and saltwater algae ponds in the desert.
The conventional fuel crops already in production could potentially in the future help nourish the third world or be consumed locally without being endangered from other more sustainablecrops such as algae ponds that could easily take care of our current sewage and wastewater management issues.
If we find ourselves solving biodiesel and ethanol production with saltwater algae ponds that feed off of sewage for example; cleaning steams and lakes of pollution, replenishing the aquifer, and immediately cutting down on greenhouse gas emissions would all be just a few of the beneficial side effects.
We might find ourselves saving the Ozone from extinction, the environment from destruction and maybe even end up saving the planet from the threat of unrepairable ecological footprints.
One thing leads to another, and the moment our society gets a discussion like sustainability into the mainstream and political debate with thirty-second media bites; it becomes a reality for everyone immediately.
Being an eco-warrior has been a romantic concept for decades now, but with the BioFuels Security Act, more and more people may find themselves adhering to the ranks of Mother Gaia in an all out war to save the earth literally.
Systems Theorists might have a lot to say on that, especially after movies like MindWalk (Capra 1990) start being rerun all so coincidentally on late night public TV, some 17 years after its first release.
This might be a brainy subject for some, but it is really simple and easy to grasp, it all boils down to one simple factor; the people of our republic want to be independent as a nation, as an economy and mostly as a culture that does-it-ourselves.
If there is one aspect of our culture that has been clear since the days of our revolution, Americans want the independence of self-reliance, not depend on other countries.
It doesnt matter if its King George with tea or some Arabian nation with oil, our people want these things made in the USA!
And the solutions keep coming up as alternative energy sources that are renewable with sustainable practices that talk of stewardship and sustainability for today.
BioFuels Security Act is just one step in the direction of self-reliance and sustainability, not the whole, but it is a beginning, one that is sure to change the future of our nation for the children of our children.
BioFuels Security Act hints at a tomorrow filled with hope.
As a portal into the oriental business sector of biodiesel, NewGen Biofuel Asia (NBA) has just opened their first office in Singaporewith 68% holdings belonging to NewGen and 32% belonging to PalmBio Venture Pte Ltd.
This joint venture into the realm of Asian Biofuel is sure to open the already expanding world market of biofuels.
Clean energy for everyone.
“We are very proud to be part of NewGen Technologies. NewGen aims to be the most vertically integrated company in the emerging biofuels industry, and we have the necessary ingredients to support that mission at an upstream level. This venture with NewGen is very strategic in every aspect.”
Patrick Tan (NBAs CEO)
The NewGen expansion into Asia, will help evolve the world of biofuel on as well as off the continent.
NewGen Biofuel Asia will operate planned biodiesel plants, focus on the development and implementation of shipping, logistics, feedstock strategies for both local and global raw material requirements as well as develop vertical integration strategies.
Research & Development of both by-products and finished products will also be part of their strategy.
Meanwhile, NewGen Biofuel Asia is also looking to conduct various feedstocks, cultivate additional biofuel markets in Asia, identify opportunities for the strategic development of quality networks that support the region in a sustainable way, on a long-term basis.
NewGen Biofuel Asia is beginning the sustainable biodiesel future of one of the wealthiest agricultural regions of the world…NewGen Biofuel is helping China, and in the process, helping our country see that the light of human co-operation; sees no boarders.
Posted in Biodiesel by admin on September 26, 2006.
Ormat GreEnergy Power is in balance with our planet and plans to take on an ever-growing industry of biomass, resulting in a revolutionary biodiesel fuel not yet out on the market.
Ormat promises to produce a new biodiesel fuel that promises to require no mixing with petrol.
Ormat has over forty years of collective experience in locally generating power through geothermal heat resources, as well as solar power and biomass.
As a 60 million US$ dollar venture, this higher quality biodiesel fuel should offer new solutions to a problem that is as old as the race for the black blood of the earth itself.
Ormat is involved in what has become an ongoing race for sustainability.
In research and development alone, Ormat will invest 13.5 million US$ dollars using between 35 to 50 million US$ dollars on construction of the first production facility, within the next three years.
Biofuels for countries such as the US, Brazil and Germany are where the market promises the most incentives at the moment.
From alkyl esters, processing of biodiesel fuel, development of production processes, construction to operation of the production facilities, Ormat plans to do it all and make worthy their motto of keeping in balance with our natures planet.
ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6225 Neil Road, Suite 300
Piedmont BiofuelsCoop is North Carolina’s first producer of recycled biofuels that caters to the local community in a sustainable fashion. With some 350 individual costumers nearby and over a dozen fleets throughout the state, Piedmont Biofuels is leading the way in a more sustainable diesel transportation.
Kitchen oil and other used items from the city of Pittsboro will go into developing a cheaper and more viable alternative for diesel engines, beginning with Piedmont Biofuels Grand Opening on the 25th of September.
Thursday, production will begin, and state leaders are already beginning to support the efforts through incentives to lower cost and dialogue around biofuel for sustainable practices.
Piedmont Biofuels are going for a sustainable America that no longer depends on foreign oil.
For those who want to go gung-ho biodiesel now, the Jeep Liberty might just be this years option with it’s 2.8-liter Turbo diesel engine. Off road vehicles have always been some of the most controversial products on the market, because they seem to be mostly oriented toward the outdoors enthusiast.
Well, whether you be an off-the-grider living backwoods, an honest hardworking urban dweller with a family, a weekend camper, or just looking for something with a lot of room for friends and family either in the city or outback, Jeep Liberty is a choice that sports style as well as practicality.
And not merely for those who like to rumble in both urban and rural atmospheres, the Jeep Liberty has a special quality for urban environmentalist families as well the diesel engine.
The 2.8-liter Turbo diesel engine on the Jeep Liberty produces 160 horsepower at 3,800 rpm.
With 295 pounds-feet of torque at 1,800 rpm, that makes for an all-purpose on/off road vehicle with style, class and practicality.
Standard Jeep Liberty engines however, have a 3.7-Liter V6 Engine; including the Sport, Sport 65thAnniversary Edition, Limited, Renegade and Sport Special Edition models.
All models are 4×2 to make this hybrid on and off road jeep the future of todays renewable biofuel society.
Extracting biodiesel from algae just may be one of the most promising solutions to our nations energy crisis.
Diesel engines using petroleum fossil fuels consume around 60 billion gallons of petroleum diesel per year according to statistics from the Department of Energy.
While less energy efficient gasoline engines consume around 120 billion gallons of petroleum fossil fuels per year.
Replacing that amount of consumption with soybean biodiesel production however, would not be possible for self-stainable purposes.
With our nations current use of cropland, soy production would need to use a plot of land twice the size of our nation itself.
The United States uses 450 million acres of land for producing crops at the moment, the majority of which is actually used to support the meat industry with animal feed.
Another 580 million acres of land is used for grazing those same animals. Together, that comes to almost half the 2.3 billion acres within the US alone, of which merely 3% is urban space, around 66 million acres.
If it is supposed that the current gasoline engine is 35% less energy efficient than diesel engines and with the change to biodiesel, replaced gradually over time by diesel engines, our nation would need to produce something like 140.8 billion gallons of biodiesel to operate every single car and truck (both gasoline and diesel) in operation today.
In order to completely replace petroleum as a source of combustion fuel in our country and be totally self-reliant, we would need to produce these vegetable oil crops ourselves.
The best plants for biodiesel feedstocks are those efficient at converting solar energy into chemical energy. Certain types of algae have proven suitable for our nations needs, some with oil strains as high as 50%.
Algae can be grown cheaply in saltwater ponds out in the middle of the desert or even more efficiently in proprietary photobioreactors (which solve a lot of the problems encountered in open ponds for a few more dollars on the initial investment).
Another interesting factor with algae production is the possibility of using human sewage or other waste products such as polluted streams from fertilizer run off, to feed the algae with nutrients.
Algae could be produced anywhere in the country using inexpensive photobioreactors (still in the design stages) at the same rate as open ponds in the middle of the desert, but with the advantage of catching many of our different pollutants and waste products (such as industrial waste) and converting it into a useful feedcrop for biodiesel production.
This aspect of bioremediation is what makes biodiesel from algae all that more desirable to the nation in terms of sustainability concepts, as it kills two problems with the same stone and completes the thermodynamic cycle in a far more sustainable way.
If only 15,000 miles of the Sonora desert were used (that is 12.5% of its landmass), the nations need for biodiesel could be sustained easily on algae based vegetable oil alone.
This is, taking into account of course, that all current on the road gasoline engines as well as diesel were all powered by biodiesel alone, in our country, without any petroleum consumption whatsoever.
That not only answers our problem with land-space for production, but also uses bioremediation as a fertilizer for feedcrops of algae.
If algae production for biofuels is used intensively in conjunction with bioremediation, our countries economy would become the most self-sustainable for its size in the entire world, and still have fuel product left over to export if desirable.
Biodiesel from algae is an option that we have at the moment, one of the best. One that stimulates our nations self-reliance and sustainability, keeping away from the dependence on foreign resources as well as away from undesirable foreign politics.
Soy biodiesel is an excellent way to reduce the current expenditure of limited natural resources such as petroleum. Soybeans grow quickly within six months (80-120 days) from sow to harvest and one bushel can produce 1.4 gallons of soy biodiesel.
Soy biodiesel in Iowa is beginning to really propel the local farming community and help reduce the dependence on foreign petroleum products.
When people think of renewable energy sources, biodiesel is one of the first alternatives in their minds for replacing the current demand on the petroleum industry.
And to that thought as early as 1993 the US industry has been investing in soy biodiesel.
But is soy biodiesel the one and only answer? No, not THE answer, but certainly a big PART of the answer.
At the moment our world has grown far too big to be run only on soy biodiesel. For instance, if the United States were to rely purely on the internal production of soy biodiesel to meet current oil demands, the country would need a landmass twice the current size of the continental US alone.
And that makes the production of soybeans just for biodiesel alone, a task with dynamic economical and political repercussions to say the least.
With soybean production, people can have a variety of food products replaced and/or enhanced for a healthier diet, making for big competition with the oil industry.
The basic question with soy biodiesel is the same question that inflicts most biodiesel products derived from consumables; should we eat it or put it in the gas tank?
Obviously at the moment it IS possible to use soy biodiesel to reduce the harsher impacts on the American economy with a blending of only 2%, but it cant be the end all solution.
For one, oil is a very limited resource and two, the more we blend into the gas tank the more acres we will need to plant.
If current engine designs were to adapt to higher blends, the U.S. would not be able to sustain such a market on the current internal production of soybeans alone. And would indefinitely rely once again on foreign supply, this time however it would be vegetable fuels rather that fossil fuels.
Political and economical situations can change radically with more investment in soy biodiesel, and that is a positive step in progress.
The opposition to this however comes mostly from environmentalist groups that fear the agricultural sector is not prepared to embody safe and sustainable practices in the cultivation of new crops such as soybeans.
Sure enough, in the planting of coffee, sugar cane and cotton, the world has seen large environmental disasters from unsustainable agriculture.
While the level of disasters has slowed somewhat, crops that pose or have posed political and economical worldwide influences such as those that cotton, coffee and sugar all once did, also tend to draw farmers out of the woodwork.
This doesnt mean that they are not prepared to be farmers, but rather not prepared for the global demand, that requires sustainable practices, especially when the crops are to become fuel integrants, such as soy biodiesel blends.
Environmentalist however are less worried about the developed countries planting soybeans for biodiesel than they are undeveloped countries like Brazil, where unfortunately, the majority of the farming community never gets past the fourth grade.
The current threat posed by transgenic soybean production in Brazil is a perfect example of what environmentalist fear.
In the worst case scenario for example, people would over-cut and abuse such vast regions of millions of year old rainforest space just to produce soybeans, that the disaster would effect the whole world through irreparable global warming.
Some theorists however have conjectured that for higher sustainability in agriculture, architectures vast experience in verticalization would be a great benefit to crop production.
Anybody that grows tomatoes, knows how valuable a good verticalized structure can be when you have limited space in the back yard and are looking for healthier fruits, but what about soybeans?
Could 50 story cylinder towers of circular planters provide a suitable and sustainable bedding for the long term harvesting of soybeans? Or would the shadow cast ruin the developing potential of land, around the cylinder?
Those just might be the kinds of sci-fi questions agricultures might need to make when confronting the sustained demand for 200 million gallons of biodiesel that will raise the price of soybeans by 17 cents per bushel very soon.
For instance, at those estimates, 200 acres of soybeans at current prices would provide an additional US $1,530 to the current established price table, while 4,000 would provide an additional US $30,600.
Excellent incentives for finding more crop space for certain. And the demand will have a tendency to only increase, as distributors and gas stations hop on the soy biodiesel bandwagon that has already taken hold of Iowa.
In more than 45 different counties in Iowa alone, anyone looking for a soy biodiesel gas station will find one. In the continental US there is not a single state that doesnt have at least one single dealer that offers biodiesel.
The Midwest currently has hold of this trend in the US, but the trend is growing and for good reason.
Soy biodiesel has exceptional lubricity with only 2% additive it increases lubricity by 66%.
By using soy biodiesel, all fuel-injected diesel engines reduce friction enormously extending equipment lifespan tremendously.
The biodiesel derived from 100% virgin soybean oil in the 2% blend meets ASTM standards and has been tested by Standyne Automotive Corp. proving 100% safe for the engine and beneficial.
Forty million on-road tests have shown that by using the no more than a 2% blend of soy biodiesel to current petrol-diesel products on the market, all U.S. on-road diesel engines would be sustained by only 500 million bushels of soybeans, almost all of Iowas current annual crop.
Central Vermont Public Service (CVPS) has approved the use of Cow Power. Cow Power is a renewable resource created by generators set up on dairy farms to harness methane produced by cow manure. CVPS wants to create a renewable energy source that will also benefit the farmers in the area. This form of energy received the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets Commissioners Choice Seal of Quality.
Aside from developing a secondary income for participating farmers cow power will help reduce the effect of raw manure run off into local water systems. This will also help to reduce odors and provide a source of bedding for farmers. They will be able to use the dry by products in place of sawdust or other bedding. This provides electricity to the public, protects water systems and helps farmers to reduce and offset some of their over head costs.
This service has been offered to Vermont citizens since September 1, 2004. Customers have a choice of how much of their electricity could come from using Cow Power. Their choices are 25 percent, 50 percent or 100 percent. Their bills would be a little higher than normal. This increase of four cents per kilowatt hour goes directly to the farmer.
If there is a shortage of kilowatt hours from participating farms, Central Vermont Public Service will try to gain Renewable Energy Certificates from other regional renewable generation. If there are not available in the regional market the company will deposit the payments in to the CVPS Renewable Development Fund. Thisfund is run by an independent board. These monies will be used for development and start up costs, to help farmers overcome market barriers, and generally support farms as they enter the renewable energy market.
The Central Vermont Public Service Cow power program is a model for other states and public service boards to offer renewable energy source for the consumer and to help increase to farmers to stay in agriculture.
Use and production of biofuels is one many peoples minds these days with the soaring cost of transportation fuel, further depletion of natural non renewable resources and pollution still spiraling out of control. The demand for a cleaning burning biodegradable fuel, which uses no petroleum productshas become a global one. It is being used and manufactured by many homesteaders and environmentally conscience people. In a recent press release announcement BP and DuPont noted that they will be joining forces to produce biofuels for the public. There has been a global demand for a clean burning, renewable fuel source. Like ethanol this will be used as an alternative transportation fuel.
President of Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc., Dean Oestreich (subsidiary of DuPont) stated that they will be playing an important role in this venture. Biofuels emit far fewer quantities of greenhouse gases. It is cost effective to produce. Biofuels are a viable alternative to traditional petroleum based fuels. The biofuels will create a new market for those working in agriculture because crops such as corn grain, wheat, sorghum and sugar beets will become high in demand. In the near future Pioneer plans to be able to use cellulose based products suchas corn stalks and switch grass to produce butanol.
The process of creating biobutanol is a fermentation process similar to that of ethanol. The idea is to provide another alternative fuel not to compete with the use of ethanol. The venture actually began in 2003, with the hopes to that the properties of this new fuel will overcome the limitations of traditional biofuels. BP and DuPont are working with British Sugar to change the countrys first ethanol fermentation plant to a butanol fermentation plant and to begin full production, marketing and sales of biobutanol by 2007.
In an attempt to lessen their need for foreign oil and to help cut down on green house emissions, Japan has set forth plans to convert the majority of its fuel resources to biofuels with 40% of its cars using biofuels in 5 years. They are currently concentrating on the use of ethanol. This is according to an article published Forbes.
Vehicles in Japan account for 20% of energy consumption in Japan. Most of this demand is currently met by Middle Eastern Oil. The Environment Ministry is looking to launch ethanol production on the island of Miyako in the Okinawa island chain. This where the majority of the countrys sugar cane is produced.
Wisconsin Farm Technology Days exposition is a (3) day outdoor event that showcases the latest in agriculture production each season. This year they plan to use six 185-kilowatt biodiesel generators from Kohler Rental Power to supply the electrical needs for the entire event.
It will cost $30,000 to rent the generators and purchase the fuel for them, about half the cost if the show tapped into power from a utility, Ballweg said. – Sheboygan Press
It is great seeing the promotion of biodiesel generators at this farm technology day event, makes good promotion of smart biodiesel usage.
The exposition will be held at Hesselink’s Quonset Farms near Oostburg on July 11-13, 2006
Willie Nelson Biodiesel AKA BioWillie offers a biodiesel B20 blend in Dallas, Texas. Nelson and Peter Bell from a biodiesel supplier named Distribution Drive formed Willie Nelson Biodiesel with three other partners in December 2004.
BioWillie’s Mercedes 320 CDI ( for personal use in Hawaii ) and his 6 tour buses use biodiesel when they can get it. Carl’s Corner, a truck stop in Texas was the first to offer the Biowillie B20 blend.
The response from my trucker customers so far has been phenomenal, said Carl Cornelius, co-owner Carls Corner.
Distribution Drive, a wholly owned subsidiary of Earth Biofuels Inc, Jackson MS, has opened a new biodiesel blending facility at the Motiva Enterprises terminal in Dallas TX and offers biodiesel to customers in the Forth Worth area. Distribution Drive even supplies the US Military with B100, cool!
Willie is new to biodiesel, was not even aware of its benefits 2 years ago, but his fame has launched him into position and given him a new name, “BioWillie”.
Stars Willie Nelson and Morgan Freeman visited an Earth Biofuels plant in Durant that will use soybean oil to produce millions of gallons of biodiesel each year.
Freeman said – “I live in a small town,” and “I’m a supporter of small town USA, that’s primarily what we are.”
Plant manager Jimmy Stephens said: “I think it’s very big, we’ve only scratched the surface here,” and “I think there’s going to be a mini spring-up now and we’ve been asked to build more.”
Google Finance: Earth Biofuels, Inc. (formerly Meadows Springs, Inc.) is in the production, marketing, and distribution of alternative fuels, with an emphasis on biodiesel fuel. The Company sells 100% biodiesel (B-100) to fuel wholesalers who blend it with petroleum diesel and fuel sales, and food and beverage sales at the Company’s service station in Byram, Mississippi. It was engaged in the business of its Website, www.findcontractoronline.com, to provide construction contractors with referrals of leads of home construction and home improvement projects.
An Ohio school is switching to biodiesel to fuel it’s buses. Superintendent Lawrence Miller said that biodiesel will cost the district 25 cents more per gallon but he also mentioned that the state will up their reimbursement rate by 10 percent so in about a year the district will end up saving money.
“We’re taking it one step at a time, said Miller. If it works to the advantage of our school system, and to our buses and our children, then we’ll continue to use it”.
Biodiesel is a cleaner alternative to regular diesel.
Indiana will soon have the world’s largest biodiesel processing plant. Governor Mitch Daniels announced that Louis Dreyfus Industries, LCC will build a combined facility to process soybeans and produce biodiesel.
The project is going to have two phases:
Build a 50 million bushel per year soybean processing plant.
Build a biodiesel production facility.
This is great news for Indiana, alternative fuel production can stimulate economic recovery. Here is the governor’s press release.
Biodiesel is often blended with petroleum diesel to produce a fuel that is compatible with diesel engines. Biodiesel blends reduce harmful emissions. Biodiesel blends will become more common as drivers are made aware of the many benefits.
The 3 common blends are:
B2 – 2% biodiesel and 98% diesel
B5 – 5% biodiesel and 95% diesel
B20 – 20% biodiesel and 80% diesel
Learn more about blends from the Clean City fact sheet.
Posted in Biodiesel by admin on November 28, 2005.
A Short Biography of Rudolf Diesel
Rudolf Diesel is the father of diesel engines. Rudolf Diesel was born on the 18th of March 1858 in the Victorian city of Paris, France. His death on the 29th night of September in 1913 on the English Channel, was perhaps an example of industrial or political espionage of the time, but the events leading up to his untimely death are mysterious. From the time he was born to the moment of death, the world Rudolf Diesel knew and lived in was in constant political, social and economical turmoil. Perhaps through his scientific, theoretical and economical philosophies, the world would have been different and history as we know it could have told a less bloody tale. But the fact remains, that if we choose to learn from his ideas, we can still make the world a better place for the here, now and future generations to come.
Biodiesel – A painless transition from fossil fuels
Biodiesel is the transesterification of vegetable oils into combustible diesel fuel. Rudolf Diesel the inventor of the diesel engine was not the inventor of biodiesel, however, his popularity and achievements merited the name. Biodiesel was most probably discovered in 1853 by two chemists making soap (E. Duffy and J. Patrick). But the uses of transesterification did not become apparent until much later in the late 1980’s early 1990’s. In February of 1892, Diesel applied for a patent on his engine. A year later, a decent design was already being produced. In 1897 at the Exibition Fair in Paris, Rudolf Diesel showed the world his invention, and became famous. The diesel engine can be run on biofuel as it is run today on fossil fuel.